Mesopotamia is a verifiable locale of Western Asia. In Greek, it means between two rivers or land between rivers. Inside the Tigris–Euphrates stream in the northern piece of the Fertile Crescent.
In current days, it generally relates to the greater part of Iraq, Kuwait, and the eastern pieces of Syria. Also, Southeastern Turkey, and districts along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq fringes.
The Sumerians were the primary individuals to move to Mesopotamia. They made an extraordinary development. Starting around 5,500 years back. The Sumerians manufactured urban areas along the streams in Lower Mesopotamia. They concentrated, collaborated, and made many advances in innovation.
The Sumerians had a run of the mill language. Furthermore, had confidence incomparable celestial creatures and goddesses. The confidence in more than one god is polytheism. There were seven fantastic city-states.
Here are some of the things and spots which you can study and visit during your weekend in this beautiful place
Diyarbakır City Walls
Known as one of the most established and the most strong city dividers of the world. Diyarbakır City Walls are the longest ones after the Great Wall of China.
The city dividers have 5.5 km of length and 8 meters of stature. The segment is as internal and outside ones and made of cutting basalt stone. It isn’t dark when and by whom were these city dividers made.
There are four essential passages and 82 watchtowers on the dividers. The towers at Diyarbakir were in truth worked by the Romans. Yet recreated by the Ottomans when they accepted authority over the city in the 15 and 16 of years.
Diyarbakır City Walls encompassed old Diyarbakır which is today called as Diyarbakır today.
What’s the bottom line?
The city and dividers of Diyarbakir are on a looming rundown to be named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Reclamation by the Turkish government must happen first.
Depicted as a greenhouse of Eden, Hevsel; shaped at the southeast of the city. On prolific terrains that Tigris conveyed. Hevsel Gardens including different natural product trees and vegetable plant enclosures.
They have addressed the need for fruits and veggies of the city for a large number of years.
This prolific nursery that is along Tigris River, has vagrant winged creatures too. The feathered creatures get rest, stop over and cover in Hevsel. 108 species live in Hevsel Gardens.
Carduelis Obsoleta and Menetries Warbler are the district explicit fowls in Hevsel Gardens. As facilitating predators Garden of Eden has the guests with its outing territory.
The earliest civilization is known is Sumer. It was in the historical regions of southern Mesopotamia. It was during the early Bronze Age and Chalcolithic age. The Sumer was among the world’s first few civilizations. Others were Indus Valley and Ancient Egypt.
Sumer was the southernmost locale of old Mesopotamia. It’s viewed as the cradle of civilization. The name originates from Akkadian. A language of the north of Mesopotamia. The Sumerians called themselves “the dark-headed individuals”.
Their property, in cuneiform content, was “the land” or “the place that’s known for the dark-headed people”. In the scriptural Book of Genesis, Sumer’s known as Shinar.
It defines Mesopotamia and Euphrates as it’s eastern of these two streams. From the southeastern mountains of Turkey, the river flows south. Then via Iraq, it ends up into the Persian Gulf.
The Tigris is the second biggest stream in Western Asia, alongside the Euphrates. It flows close Lake Hazar in eastern Turkey.
The Tigris is snow-fed. It falls every year over the uplands of northern and eastern Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. Today the stream frames the Turkish-Syrian fringe for a length of 32 kilometers. Then it crosses into Iraq. Around 44 km of its length moves through Syria. It’s sustained by a few tributaries, and the real ones are the Zab, Diyala, and Kharun streams.
Plan a trip to the land full of ancient and historic information. These places will for sure blow your mind. The amazing architecture is a must to visit.
In Upper, Mesopotamia was an ancient city; Harran, ancient Carrhae. The site is close to the village of Altınbaşak. And lies 44km southeast of Şanlıurfa. The area is in the Harran region of Şanlıurfa Province. The city was once called Hellenopolis in the Early Christian time frame.
Harran is well known for its customary “bee sanctuary” adobe houses. These are built altogether without wood. The plan of these makes them cool inside, fitting the climatic needs of the district. It has been the same for over 3,000 years now.
This is crazy!
Though some of these houses were in use until the 1980s. Those residual today are vacationer displays. The greater part of the populace lives in a little town around 2 km from the primary site.
This one of a kind marvel of Hevsel Gardens got enrolled in UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 2015.