July 22, 2019

Turkish Culture Elements of Bektaşi Order

Turkish Alevi

Sufi mystic Haji Bektash Veli established this mystical school of Islam. From the time he was little, Haji Bektash had qualities seldom found in children. And when he reached the age of maturity, he began his spiritual studies with the eminent Sufi mystics. After some time, the saintly master Ahmad Yasawi directed Haji Bektash to go to Anatolia and propagate spiritual awareness. In 1282 CE he established a Sufi center, a tekke in the small central Anatolian town of Karahuyuk, a town that now bears his name, Hacibektas. From here Haji Bektash Veli sent his missionaries far and wide, so that Bektashi path expanded to throughout Anatolia and the Balkans, gathering countless clergymen and adherents.


The Bektashi Order of Turkish culture is a Sufi request and offers much in a similar manner as other Islamic magical developments, for example, the requirement for an accomplished profound guide—called a baba in Bektashi speech — just as the teaching of “the four doors that must be navigated”: the “Sharia” (religious law), “Tariqah” (the otherworldly way), “Marifa” (genuine information), “Haqiqah” (truth). Bektashis hold that the Quran has two degrees of importance: an external (zahir) and an internal (batin). They hold the last to be predominant and interminable. Also, this mirrored their comprehension of both the universe and humankind.

Bektashism puts much accentuation on the idea of Wahdat-ul-Wujood, Ibn Arabi defined the “Solidarity of Being”. This has regularly been named as polytheism, despite the fact that it is an idea closer to panentheism. Bektashism likewise vigorously pervades with Shiite ideas. For example, the stamped worship of Ali, The Twelve Imams, and the custom celebration of Ashurah denoting the Battle of Karbala. Bektashis praise the Persian occasion of Nowruz as Imam Ali’s birthday.


Outside the ritual of Turkish culture we have just described, Albanian Bektashis observed in their lives some practices that were removed from the strict Muslim observation. Unlike the practice of the five daily prayers of the Sunni Muslims, they did only two prayers a day. “Once at dawn of the day and once at night, in these prayers, prayed to God to make progress, peace, and brotherhood in the world and in the people”. They made these prayers made without turning to Mecca. And practiced ablution only once in a lifetime when entered in the tariqat. Women who had the grade of muhib attended the meetings with men. However, it provoked many criticisms and accusations of bad habits over the Bektashi during the times.

The statute of 1924, signifies that only married woman becomes muhib. Bektashis also had some special nutritional practices from those of Sunni Muslims. They eat pork meat but did not touch snakes, turtles, dogs, and especially rabbits. As for beverages, alcohol, in general, was not forbidden, including drinking in tekke because it was part of the conversation sessions. Bektashis realize the practice of numerous pilgrimages in holy places. Including not only in Mecca but also in Karbala and in Albanian cities, such as Mount Tomorr, etc.