The province of Sakarya is one of the most important cities in Turkey for its rapid growth and development. Sakarya also impounds fame for its natural beauty and cultural richness.
Moreover, Adapazarı is the capital of this region but identified as the name, Sakarya since December 1, 1954. This is because it is present in the center of the districts of Akyazı, Geyve, Hendek and Karasu. The city extends towards the Black Sea coast. In the center of the river named Sakarya, which flows into the Marmara Sea, are the fertile plain of Adapazari.
History of Sakarya Region
Adapazari or Sakarya is an ancient city, dating back to 378 BC. It remained under multiple authorities such as the Frigs, Brithians, Kimmers, Lydians and Persians. But Sakarya is known for its Roman and Byzantine rulers. Byzantine Emperor Justinianus constructed one of the most important historical monument, the Justinianus Bridge (or Bes Köprü) in 533AD.
The Turks conquered the city of Sakarya in the 13th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, historians recorded an intensive immigration from Caucasia and the Balkans within this region.
The city of Sakarya was largely associated with Kocaeli, as Adapazarı. On 22nd June 1954, the government separated it from Kocaeli province and named as ‘Sakarya’. The 1999 Marmara earthquake affected Adapazarı and inflicted losses in lives and damage. The earthquake had killed thousands of citizens leaving more than 50,000 homeless. In Sakarya, Turkey’s first earthquake museum keeps the sorrowful memories alive, urging authorities and the public to remain better prepared for earthquakes.
The cuisine of Sakarya is the mixture of various cultures that have intermingled for centuries. Some of the local delicacies, that will delight your taste buds include Islama köfte (meatballs with sauce), un çorbası (flour soup), maize rice, meshed beans in addition to cotton candy and ovened sweet pumpkin.
The amazing city of Sakarya welcomes tourists and locals alike to fully explore and experience the region any time of the year.
The land of Sakarya exists cluttered with ruined monuments of its past. For example, the Harmantepe Castle, located in the north of Harmantepe Village of Adapazarı. Constructed in the 19th century, It is one of the defensive forts of this region. Pasalar Castle, Seyfler Castle and Harmantepe Castle are among the well-known historic structures of the area. Moreover, the district of Sapanca said to be a relaxation spot for many locals and tourist alike.
Rüstem Paşa Mosque sprawls as one of the prominent work of architecture. The mosque is deemed to be a work of Sinan the Architect. The Vecihi Gate on the Silk Way, which was a part of the Ottoman era, is another work of Sinan. Apart from these, other major interactions include the Hasan Fehmi Paşa Mosque, Kırkpınar, Cami Cedid Mosque, Rahime Sultan Mosque and Kartepe.
The province of Sakarya has a total of 16 disrtricts, like the capital Adapazarı. Other districts include Akyazı, Arifiye, Erenler, Ferizli, Geyve, Hendek, Karapürçek, Karasu, Kaynarca, Kocaali, Pamukova, Sapanca, Serdivan, Söğütlü and Taraklı. The district of Sapanca is the most famous among those above mentioned.
Nature Attractions of Sakarya
Sakarya is a heaven on earth with its sea, beaches, lakes, rivers, highlands, and thermal springs. The city has an abundance of traditional Ottoman lifestyle districts such as Taraklı and Geyve. Furthermore, many historical relics inherited from the Byzantine and Ottoman eras occur scattered across its lands.
This province suffused with natural beauty has the charming site of Lake Sapanca, 5 km south of Adapazari. The Arifiye Forest provides a lovely resting spot, with a view to Lake Sapanca.
Local production and Economy
Agriculture and forestry form the foundation of this city’s economy. It is famous for its production of tobacco, hazelnuts (fındık variety), walnut-wood, cocoons and vegetables.
The Toyota Motor Corporation also holds a large automobile factory within the capital, Adapazarı.