The city’s name is derived from Greek word “riza” which means, “mountain slopes”. It is so because Rize is a mountainous region the greenery of which enthralls the tourists. It is located between the Black Sea and lush green mountains. Its summers are mild, but its winter is cold and snowy in highland plateaus and rainy and temperate in coastal areas. The coastal area of Black Sea receives highest precipitation in Turkey. That is why this region, being near to the Black Sea, receives abundant rainfall through out the year.
Rize is a quiet town, a typical Turkish provincial capital with little in the way of night life or entertainment. However, the border with Georgia opened since the early 90’s, the Black Sea coast road has been widened and Rize is now wealthier than in previous decades; there are more cars in the streets, higher buildings on the sea front, and some places for young people to go are opening up now. The visitors to the surrounding countryside also contribute to the economy of the town.
History of Rize
The first ever reference of the city can be made to the governor of Cappadocia who made an inspection tour of the Eastern Black Sea. Subsequently, the city of Rize became part of the Georgian province of Chaneti which fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1547. After being occupied by Georgians once again, the city eventually annexed with the Republic of Turkey.
The city’s famous dishes include Enishte Turkish Delight, Meat Beans, Anchovy Crunch, Anchovy Handle, Anchovy Rice, Black Cabbage Soup, Laz Pastry, Corn Bread, Muhlama, Chard Pan, Molasses Pumpkin Dessert, Pepeçura, Rize Tea, Rize Roast, Anchovy Bird, Rize Pide, Rize Pretzel, Rice Pudding.
Famous Agricultural Products
Since the city enjoys an extremely wet climate, its surrounding countryside is rich with vegetation. It is a large center for producing, processing and shipping Riza Tea. Before the discovery of tea, the land was desperately poor. Its tea gardens are the panoramic sites to view.
Moreover, Rize also reminds one of its abundant production of Kiwifruit. The plateaus bear various flowers. The diversity of flower species enables the development of beekeeping in the city thus establishing famous Anzor Honey. Its secondary activity is fishing due to its proximity with the sea. Other yields include Pear, Tea, Apple, Bean, Nuts, Kiwi, Tangerine, Corn, Potato, Cigar Tobacco.
Historical Places in Rize
Enriched with eternal natural beauty, the city constitutes many historical places. Some famous places include Andon, Anzer Plateau, Ayder Plateau and Hot Springs, Glacial Lakes, Cat Valley, Storm Creek, Gito Plateau, Hemsin Houses, Islampasa Mosque, Kackar Mountains National Park, Makrevis Quarter, Micron Bridge, Palovit Waterfall, Palovit Plateau, Rize Ataturk Museum, Rize Castle, Rize Museum, Şenyuva Bridge and Zil Castle.