Ordu is a green paradise in between the coast of Black Sea and the steep slopes of a mountain range. Historically, Ordu was also known as Cotyora or Kotyora. This city is also the capital of Ordu Province. The world’s largest hazelnut production is present with in this province. Ordu resides as one of the most beautiful city in Turkey.
History of Ordu Region
The human history of the Mesudiye region of Ordu, goes back to 15.000 BC. But, the actual signs of life start In the 8th century BC. Some Miletians occupied colonies along the Black Sea coast, naming them Cotyora.
After the Babylonian campaign, the survivors of Xenophon’s Ten Thousand retreated in Ordu before going back to the west. In 324 AD, the region came under Roman and Byzantine rules. By 1204, the Byzantine imperial family of Komnenos formed the Empire of Trabzon in that region.
During the Ilkhanate invasion of Anatolia in 1243, the area around Ordu fell under Mongol control. Until the 14th century AD, power kept shifting between multiple dynasties. Afterwards a branch of Turkic Oghuz tribe came to Ordu, forming the Haci Emir Principality.
Sultan Beyazit I incorporated Ordu into the Ottoman Empire. The city of Ordu was a district of Trabzon until April 17, 1920. In 1921, the city became a province.
Rivers and Nature Site
The Melet River passes through Ordu province, separating the Central Black Sea and Eastern Black Sea regions. Despite that, both sides of the river have distinctive fauna and flora. The area beside the river banks is home to more than twenty orchid varieties.
Moreover, the eastern shore of Ordu, called as Cape Vona (Çam). While the western shore is called, Cape Yason (Kiremit). This peninsula has many natural beaches. The Cape Vona also acts as a natural harbour.
The province of Ordu is also home to several spectacular lakes, including Lake Çermik. Its mineral rich waters treat patients with kidney diseases. The well-known watercourses in this area are Melet River, Turnasuyu, Civil, Akçaova, Akçay, Curi and Bolaman.
Historic and Tourist Sites
Here are some sites any visitor is bound to visit in Ordu; the Boztepe Hill, the Ethnography Museum, Taşbaşı Cultural Centre, Osman Paşa Ablution Fountain and the Atik İbrahim Paşa Camii.
On the Boztepe Hill, numerous cafes and restaurants allow you to enjoy the bird’s eye view of cityscape.
As mentioned above, the Ordu Ethnography museum is located in the Selimiye neighbourhood on Taşocak Street. The building was famous as “Paşaoğlu Konağı” (the Paşaoğlu Mansion) built by Paşaoğlu Hüseyin Efendi. It is a first class example of a civic architecture.
The Taşbaşı Cultural Centre was a former Greek church (1853), which is now a cultural center. It has been standing in a hilltop garden, with numerous statues.
One of the oldest mosques of Ordu is the Atik İbrahim Paşa Camii. The mosque has been a part of an old inland neighbourhood. Another cultural heritage site is the Aziziye Camii, built in the reign of Sultan Abdulaziz.
An important monument of the Republican Era is the Selimiye mosque. It is located in Ordu’s prestigious Selimiye Neighborhood. The mihrab of this mosque is considered one of the oldest architectural masterpieces of Ordu.
A perfect site for history enthusiasts is the Kurul Rock Settlement, which is about 13 kilometers from the city center.
Districts and Tourist Attractions
The province of Ordu is divided into 19 districts; Akkuş, Aybastı, Çamaş, Çatalpınar, Çaybaşı, Fatsa, Gölköy ,Gülyalı, Gürgentepe, İkizce, Kabadüz, Kabataş, Korgan, Kumru, Mesudiye, Altınordu (formerly also named Ordu), Perşembe, Ulubey and Ünye.
Akkus, previously known as Karakuş, was once part of the Kingdom of Pontus.
Furthermore, the Aybastı is a rural, agricultural district of Ordu. One of the biggest tourist attractions in the area is the Perşembe Plateau (Perşembe Yaylası), which is a high meadow.
Other must-see places in this land include Cape Yason and its church; Hoynat Island, the Fortress of Bolaman; Caka Beach, the Cambasi, Korgan, Cukuralan, Keyfalan, Yescilse, Topcam and Kesalan Plateaus, the fortresses of Gölköy and Ünye.
Cuisine and Local Products of Ordu
In Ordu, products like borecole, corn, pumpkin occurs as staples in many dishes (borecole soup, mince meat filled borecole rolls, corn soup, corn flour, and cheese paste, pumpkin pudding). The fish of the Black Sea, especially European anchovy (hamsi) are prepared in many styles. For example; steamed anchovy, minced anchovy balls, rice baked in an anchovy envelop. Lastly, Ordu is famous for its hazelnuts. It has the distinction of produced the largest hazelnut crop.
An abundant amount of souvenirs Ordu. For example; handwoven saddlebags, saddle girths, socks, gloves, and woodcraft items such as walking sticks, basket, kemencha, copperware, and pestemal or the traditional linen bath wrap.