Niğde is a town and the capital of Niğde Province in the Central Anatolia region. Niğde, Nahita of Hittite times, lies in a valley flanked by volcanic peaks that command the ancient trade route from Anatolia to the Mediterranean.
History of Niğde
As mentioned above, Niğde is one of the cities in the Cappadocia region in the southeast of Central Anatolia. The oldest known name is Nahita. Its history dates back 5,000 to 10,000 years. Since the Neolithic period of 8000-5500 BC, this area has been settled on. The Romans in their era built the city of Tyana with its palaces and waterworks.
Roman rule continued as an eastern capital of Byzantium. The Seljuk Turks occupied this area from 1166 on wards.
The region became a Turkish homeland, after 1071 Malazgirt Square Battle. Moreover, the city became an important military base of the Seljuk Empire. By the late 1300’s, the Karamanoğluları dominated the province of Niğde.
After the decline of the Greek city of Tyana, the Bor emerged as the controlling party of the mountain pass. The pass was a vital passage between the northern trade route from Cilicia to inner Anatolia. By 1333, Niğde was an prosperous city of the Seljuq sultanate of Rūm. Later on, Niğde was ruined due to the wars between the Mongols and Karaman, a Turkmen principality.
The Ottoman Empire took over this land in 1471. Thus, it passed down to the territory of the Turkish Republic in the 1920s.
Local Production and Districts in
Niğde is a land of mountains, plateaus and plains. With the Bolkar in the south and Taurus Mountains in the southeast. Due to its rich plains, wheat production is quite high in the city. Moreover, other important crops are apples, potatoes, cabbages, grain and sugar beet. The most important river of the city is the Melendiz Stream. The economy is generally based on agriculture.
The land of Niğde is rich in mineral, containing mineral deposits such as iron, zinc, lead, mercury, tungsten, copper. Traditionally, Niğde is considered very rich culture including song and dance. One of the most famous proverb is “Bor’s eastern market is over, ride your donkey to Niğde”.
Niğde province is divided into 6 districts; Altunhisar, Bor, Çamardı, Çiftlik, Niğde and Ulukışla.
Historical Landmarks and Tourists Attraction
The famous Niğde castle owns its architecture to the Seljuks dynasty. During the 14th-century Mongol rule, important works of architecture are Sungur Bey Mosque and the Hüdavend Hatun Mausoleum, It attracts a lot of tourist attraction due to its exemplary Anatolian tower-tomb.
Moreover, the Alaeddin Mosque, built in 1223 also features the classical Seljuk Architecture. Several other prominent monuments in the capital are; the Niğde citadel, the Mosque of Rahmaniye, Sungur Bey Mosque, the Covered Bazaar of Sokullu Mehmet Paşa, Nalbantlar Fountain, Armenian and Greek Churches.
Futhermore, the Niğde Archaeology Museum houses 15th-century Akmedrese of Seljuk architecture.
Tourist also visit the highly preserved Byzantine monastery and church is present 10 km out of Eskigümüş.
You can also visit the district of Bor which was once a Hittite settlement. The Ottoman bedesten is among the town’s historical buildings.
The important Roman city of Tyana is present in the district of Kemerhisar. Ruins of Tyana and Aqueducts depict the brightest period of Tyana, as it was considered its capital.
Cuisines of Niğde
Central Anatolian cuisines has a lot of influence on Niğde dishes. Similarly, few of them are Carrot soup, Quince borani, White cherry jam, Noodles with walnuts, Stuffed apples, Meat with okra, Halveter dessert, Pumpkin moussaka, Cream dessert, Mazaklı köfte, Niğde ale etc.