Muğla is in the south-western part of Turkey. It is also is the central district of Muğla Province. Muğla is famous as a charming inland Aegean town; an ideal destination for those who want everything at once. Turkey’s most popular holiday cities of Bodrum, Marmaris, Datça, Köyceğiz and Fethiye are also present within the Muğla province.
History of Muğla Region
Muğla is the administrative capital of a province. It has many of the internationally recognized and popular tourist resorts.
In ancient times, Muğla was deemed to be an insignificant stop between the Carian cities of Idrias and Idyma. The origin of the name, Muğla was the corrupted version of Mobolla. In the beginning of the 2nd century BC, Mobolla was part of the Rhodian Peraea until the 2nd century AD. The territory of Rhodian had begun from this region, even though it was not incorporated in the Rhodian state.
History reveals no signs of settlements in Mobolla. A few ancient artifects at the north side of the city indicate that it was the site of an acropolis.
For many decades, Egyptians, Assyrians and Scythians have raided the ancient lands of Caria. Eventually Ancient Greek colonists settled on this land. The Greeks inhabited this coast for a long time building prominent cities, such as Knidos and Bodrum. In the district of Fethiye, the ruins of Telmessos, Xanthos, Patara and Tlos still remain. Finally, the Persians and in turn, Alexander the Great, brought an end to the satrapy of Caria.
Even in the ottoman era, Muğla remained of minor importance. The Menteşe rules of this region had their capital in Milas. Later on, Muğla attained district importance after it replaced Milas. It became the capital of the Sanjak under the Ottoman Empire in 1420. The Sanjak had remained as Menteşe until the Republican Era. Later, the government renamed it as Muğla.
Many archaeological ruins and mosaics have been discovered in the city which belonged to the Greek fisherman Phainos. He lived in the 2nd century AD and was the most famous fisherman of his time.
Famous Cuisine of Muğla
The local cuisine of Muğla is a mixture of Mediterrean and Aegean food. It is surely please your palates. Few dishes include, Chicory, Caper Sprouts, Plunger Ravioli, Chicken Buckling, Stuffed Zucchini Blossoms with Olive Oil, Stuffed Pepper with Walnut, Muğla Pilaf, Tarhana, Okra with Olive Oil, Tangle Roasted, Milas Meatball, Mushroom Stuffed, Mushroom Stuffed Salad, Mushroom Stuffed Salad, Mushroom Stuffed Salad, Mushroom Stuffed Salad, Shrimp Stuffed, Wrap, Turpotu Salad, Black Bean Salad with Tarator, Groom Dessert, Marmaris Pilaf, Eggplant Pastry, Semi-Half-Diced, Dry Breaded Bodrum Salad, and Köyceğiz Method chicken.
Districts and Local Production
Muğla has a total of districts, known as; Bodrum, Dalaman, Datça, Fethiye, Kavaklıdere, Köyceğiz. Marmaris, Menteşe, Milas, Ortaca, Seydikemer, Ula and Yatağan. As mentioned above, Muğla is a small Turkish city, with popular tourist resorts. Bodrum has a natural attractiveness due to its relaxed atmosphere and historical architecture. Bodrum is the ancient Halicarnassus, the birthplace of the famous historian Herodotus. This place counts among one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Mausoleum for King Mausolus contains a gigantic tomb established in the fourth century BC.
Sedir Island is famous for its excellent beaches. A legend says, the sands were brought especially for Cleopatra, the famous Egyptian queen, and she swam here with her lover Anthony.
Historical Landmarks and Tourist Spots
Situated on the Datça peninsula, is the most important historical site of Knidos. It is famous in antiquity for its Greek amphitheatres. The Temple of Aphrodite, which housed a beautiful statue of the goddess also lies within this region.
An operating Turkish bath, Vakıflar Hamamı, dating back to 1258 is within the province capital. Moreover, the Beys of Menteşe built the Great Mosque of Muğla (Ulu Cami) in 1344 which is an ideal tourist attraction. Other important mosques within this regions are the Kurşunlu Cami, Saburhane Mosque, Sheikh Mosque, Haci Ilyas Mosque, Pazaryeri Mosque, Ulu Mosque, Firuz Bey Mosque, Kursunlu Mosque, Mustafa Pasha Mosque, Ağa Mosque, Tepecik Mosque and Şahidî Mosque.
Konakaltı Han and Yağcılar Han enlists as 18th-century restored caravanserais which attract a lot of attention. The former is an art gallery, facing Muğla Museum. While, the second used for more commercial purposes.
Muğla City Museum stores a collection of archaeological and ethnographical artifacts. For example, the 9-million-year-old animal and plant fossils recently discovered in Kaklıcatepe.
The old houses of Muğla, around the Saburhane Square, consists of about 400 registered old houses dating from the 18th and 19th centuries. Moreover, many tourist tend to hang out in open air cafés or in Sanat Evi (“Art House”). The Art House is an ottoman style residence, which turned into a gallery for wood carvings artworks.