Konya is a big city in south-western part of Central Anatolia Plateau and is the seventh most populous city in Turkey with a population of over 2.1million. konya is the capital of konya province and is industrially and economically a well-developed city. This region is also rich with natural and historical treasures. Çatalhöyük, one of the oldest settlements, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Konya comprises of many plans, mountains and plateaus. The region is a sugar production center while the same factor keeps its agriculture alive. It has continental climate, that is, it remains cold in winters and hot and dry in summers. Moreover, it has the least rainfall in Turkey.
According to Archaeological findings, the city exists as one of the most ancient settlements of Anatolia. Konya, previously known as Iconium, inhabited as far back as Neolithic Period, late stone age. Other settlers include the Calcolitic Period (Copper Age) civilizations; Bronze Age civilizations, Hittites, Frigians , Lidians , Persians, Romans and finally Byzantines.
Konya saw the advent of Islam during the time of Caliph Muaviya but the real meeting and adopting of Islam happened when the region came under the rule of Seljuks in 1071. Under the Seljuks the city reached the zeniths of its wealth and influence. Following the demise of Seljuks, the region fell to Karamanids before being overwhelmed by the Ottoman empire in the 15 th century. Eventually the city became part of the modern Republic of Turkey following the Turkish War of Independence.
Famous Dishes in Konya
Konya’s famous dishes include Meat Bread, Mevlana Pastry, Arabaş Soup, Dilber Lip Baklava, Hömermer Dessert, Papara Dinner, Sunken, Yogurt Soup, Meal Buckthorn, Okra Soup, Flour Halva, Meal Rice, Leaf Wrap, Semolina Helva, Potato Pastry, Meat Wrap Dessert, Tandır Pastry, Wedding Rice.
Konya, being one of the agricultural centers of Turkey, produces Sugar Beet, Wheat, Poppy, Sunflower, Potato, Onion etc.
Historical Sites in Konya
The most important place to visit in Konya is Mevlana’s Mausoleum, which is the mausoleum of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi, a Persian Sufi mystic also known as Mevlâna or Rumi. Apart from that, Karatay Medrese a theological school used as tiles museum today holds great significance. Other sites include Alaaddin Keykubat Mosque from 12th century and Ince Minare (Thin Minaret) Mosque.
Another interesting attraction in Konya include Tropical Butterflies Park which inaugurated in July 2015. Being the first of its kind in Turkey, the Park provides shelter to 6,000 butterflies of 15 different species, as well as 20,000 tropical plants. Besides these places, there are many other archaeological and tourist resorts which include Ivriz Rock Monument, Aziziye Mosque, Meke Lake, Carved Underground City, Klistra, Alaeddin, Catalhuyuk, Esrefoglu, Kubad-Abad Palace, Nasreddin Hoca, Tinaz Tepe Cave, Eflatun Spring, Aya Elena Church, Chapters Monument, Sultans Tomb, T avusbaba Tomb, Fire-Base Veli Tomb etc.
Lake Tuz is Turkey’s second largest lake which fulfills large amount of Turkey’s salt demand. Furthermore, Beysehir Lake, located on the western side of Konya, is considered to be the largest fresh water lake in all of Turkey. Also, the beauty of the lake and its 2 beaches and 22 islands attract thousands of tourists each year. Additionally, Meke Lake and Lake Aksehir are also famous for their natural beauty in the region of Konya.