June 27, 2019

Kayseri 4000-Year Old Trading Centre

Kayseri, Roman Caesarea Cappadociae, city, central Turkey. It lies at an elevation of 3,422 feet (1,043 metres) on a flat plain below the foothills of the extinct volcano Mount Erciyes (ancient Mount Argaeus, 12,852 feet [3,917 metres]).


Around 3,000 BCE, ancient innovators started smelting copper with tin in order to create a stronger metal called bronze. So the Bronze Age began. Ancient city sizes are strongly correlated with the economic size of those cities. So in the current era (based on trade between Turkish cities in 2014 CE). The Bronze period begins around 3000 in Anatoli.
The Assyrian merchants established trade colonies in central parts of Asia Minor in this period. Their aim was to sell and barter the goods they produced for timber, silver, copper and raw material from Anatolia


The Hittites occupied the ancient region of Anatolia (also known as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey) prior to 1700 BCE. Developed a culture apparently from the indigenous Hatti (and possibly the Hurrian) people. And expanded their territories into an empire which rivaled and threatened. The Hittites were an ancient Anatolian (modern-day Turkey) people who formed an empire between 1600-1180 BCE.The Hittites manufactured advanced iron goods. And ruled over their kingdom through government. The Hittites were an ancient group of Indo-Europeans who moved into Asian Minor and formed an empire at Hattusa in Anatolia (modern Turkey) around 1600 BCE. The Hittite Empire reached great heights during the mid-1300s BCE, when it spread across Asia Minor, into the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.

Kayseri History

Captured about 1080 by the Seljuq Turks, who renamed it Kayseri, it later formed a part of the Dānishmend principality. It fell to the Mongols in 1243 and in the 14th century functioned as the chief city of the Turkmen Ertanid principality before passing to the Ottomans in 1397. After the Ottomans defeated by Timur (Tamerlane) in 1402. Kayseri annexed by the Karamanid Turkmens. And later Mamlūks of Egypt and Syria they recaptured by the Ottoman sultan Selim I in 1515.


MIMAR SINAN the greatest Ottoman architect of the Ottoman Empire’s Architectural heritage. Sinan born in the year 1490. It is also assumed that he spent his youth in the village of Agirnas near Kayseri,until conscription (devsirme) to the “masters of carpenters”. At age 22, Sinan is then recruited into the Corps of Ottoman Standing Troops (Janissary). During this military tour he travels widely throughout the empire, as far as Baghdad, Damascus, Persia and Egypt
He was responsible for the construction of more than 300 major structures and other more modest projects, such as schools. His apprentices would later design the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul and

Agricultural markets of Kayseri

An important agricultural market for its large hinterland, Kayseri has undergone rapid industrialization and specializes in the manufacture of sugar, cement, textiles, home appliances, and aircraft spare parts. It is also a centre for goldsmiths and carpet manufacturers and the site of Erciyes University, founded in 1978 (and descended from schools founded in 1206 and 1956). Because of its location, Kayseri serves as a communications centre and is linked by air with Istanbul. It also has railway and road connections with the major towns of Anatolia. Pop. (2000) 536,392; (2013 est.) 865,393.