Kars is a city on a high plateau in northeastern Turkey and the capital of Kars province. The city lies on a plateau 5,740 feet (1,750 metres) above sea level on the Kars River, a tributary of the Aras River, near the border with Armenia and is the highest city of Turkey. Thus, it counts as the largest city of Turkey’s closed border with Armenia. On the other hand, it’s a gateway to the abandoned Armenian city of Ani to the east, with its ruined 11th-century churches, mosques and palaces in a remote open field. Since, on the outskirts of Kars, the Museum has historical artifacts, including images of the excavation of Ani. The hilltop Kars Castle overlooks the meandering Kars River.
History of Kars
The oldest name is Vanand. The first inhabitants of Kars, known as the Hurrians, called this region “high country”. Romans, the Parthians, the Eastern Romans and Sassanids once ruled the place. The seat of an independent Armenian principality during the 9th and 10th centuries, Seljuqs captured this city in the 11th century. Taken by the Mongols in the 13th century and by Timur (Tamerlane) in 1387, the city incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1514. After withstanding a siege by Iranians in 1731 and successfully resisting the Russians in 1807. It fell in the hands of Russians in 1828 and 1855 and formally annexed by Russia in 1877–78.
Afterwards, Turkish Army impounded it on October 30, 1920 and as a result of great sacrifice during the war of independence, Kars earned the title of ‘Gazi, Gazi’. With the proclamation of the Republic, it became a city with some of the borders in the northeast.
Famous Professions in Kars
As a consequence of this city’s richness in lakes and rivers, makes the plains and plateaus efficient. Moreover, the economy is dependent on agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry. Kars is important as a centre for trade in livestock and is noted for its cheese. It also produces coarse woolen, carpets and felts. A significant military station is linked by rail and road with the principal Turkish cities.
Famous Historical Places
Kars’s historical buildings include Kümbet Camii (“Church of the Apostles”), an Armenian church that was converted into a mosque; a bath dating from the Ottoman period; and an old citadel overhanging the river that was once a strong military post (probably late 16th century). Others includes Beylerbeyi palace, Tomb of Ebul Hasan Harakani, Evliya Mosque, Stone bridge, Kumbet Mosque and more.
Notable Tourists Attractions
Being a mountainy region, it marks as a major tourist attraction. Famous ones include The Holy Apostle Church, also known as the Cathedral of Kars, it also worked as Kars Museum between 1964 and 1978. The church has sculpture carved exterior and interior walls of the building which makes it a lovely place to visit. The ancient Ghost city of Ani, Sarikamis Skiing Center, Lake Aygir, Fethiye Mosque and Statue of Humanity are of equal worth.
In addition, famous and savory dishes of Kars include Noodle Rice, Kars Pastry, Kars Honey, Juicy Meatballs, Cut Vaccine, Umac halva, Goose vine, Kuymak, Lamb Rice, Sour meat, Hangel and Kars Kashar, Katmer, hassuda, Cecil cheese, Nezik, Horre, Noodle Vaccine, and Ayran Vaccine.