Iğdır is the center of Turkey’s remaining provinces in Eastern Anatolia Region. The highest mountain in Turkey, Mount Ararat extends with this. It borders with Armenia. The city and province are named after a western Turkish clan called Iğdır. Lately, it belonged to the branch of the Oghuz Turks. They spread throughout Anatolia and several towns named Iğdır also exist in Eskişehir Province and other parts of Turkey today. The city in Armenian is famous as Iğdır , also Tsolakert, after an ancient settlement nearby.
History of Iğdır
Iğdır went by the Armenian name of Tsolakert during the Middle Ages. A 15th century Spanish traveler Ruy González de Clavijo called a castle Egida, located at the foot of Mount Ararat. In 1555 the town became a part of the Safavid Empire, remaining under Persian rule until it fell into the hands of the Russian Empire after the Russo-Persian War of 1826-1828.
Following the Russian Revolution, the area came under the control of a temporary administrative committee of three main ethnic groups in the Caucasus. Though it attempted to negotiate a truce with the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman forces launched an eastward offensive and took Iğdır on May 20, 1918. In 1920, the Government of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey led by Mustafa Kemal launched a war to eliminate the republic and overran Iğdır. In the early years of the Republic of Turkey, Iğdır was a district of the province of Bayazıt. Later, it became a part of the Kars Province in 1934 and remained part of it until May 1992.
The main economic activities in Iğdır are the commerce of agricultural and animal products. About 70% of Mount Arart’s lies within Igdir’s border so it is a major harbinger of developing tourism.
The livelihood of the city is agriculture and animal husbandry. It is famous for pumice stone in mining.
Famous Food of Iğdır
What makes one city peculiar from others of the same state is its food and speciality of dishes. Iğdır serves its tourists with mouth watering meals: Leprechaun Rice, Stone Dumplings, Kaysafa, Kuymak, Tapan, Nabat, Zibilli Rice, Fetir, Eggplant Jam, Oregano Leprechaun Rice, Salmanca, Bozbaş, Tripe Roast, Tandoori Shish, Perzana, Sabahaşı, Hörre, Kelecoş, Kelecoş, and Omaç Halva.
Historical Places and Landmarks
Famous tourist’s attractions in Iğdır include Amarat Kumbet, Dragon Caravanserai, Balahana, Bulakbasi, Halıkışlak, Ağrı, Kültepe, Zoroastrian Temple and Ahura Ruins. Moreover, İrem Garden, Dinazor Hill, İslamköy, Karakale, Tuzluca, Aras River, Run Head Tombs, Gödekli Cupola, Noah’s Ark, Melekli Şahmaran Hill, God’s Holy Water (Karasu Stream) counts as significant landmarks.