Famagusta was at one time, one of the most developed cities in the area. However, this has changed with the passage of time. Currently, the Venetian walls of the city surround nothing. These walls at one time protecting a number of exotic churches, palm trees, a number of grounds and fields present in the region. The climate of the region is majorly sub-tropical with the cold breeze blowing from the east from the shores and beach. This city was famously known in the thirteen century for being the wealthiest city of the world. Also famous for the fact that Shakespeare used the region as the setting for one of his famous writing.
This city has now changed to a double city. Double city in the sense that it is a combination of two different regions. One is the older destroyed town, while the other one was built after the raid of 1974 by the Turkish Forces. This city is De facto under the control of northern Cyprus along with the city of Trinity. De facto refers to the facts and practices which are applicable and exists in real life but these practices are not officially recognized by the law and government of this particular state. This practice refers to the acts which occur in real life in contrast to the acts which should be done under the law and constitution of the particular country and is known and de jury.
This city is one of the latest settlements but not as much as the Limassol. Most of the historians derive the name of this city as “Fama Augusta”. Deriving this name from the Roman emperor Augustus. However, studies have proven this theory wrong. As the city can only be traced back to the almost seventh century. This was the time when the Arab settlers moved to the area. This city sprung at the edge of the Byzantine fishing port, thus having access to the only natural-deep water harbor of the island. This region was majorly populated in the year 1291. This was the time when several Christian merchants started moving to the region.
At this time the pope of the region was the governing authority which decided not to stop these refugees from settling in the area. Hence a number of individuals moved to the area, converting the area to a Christian majority area. These foreigners who moved to the area were both scared as well as happy, due to the fact that the pop was preaching in front of the cathedral. This resulted in the building of a number of churches in the area. Most of which is still standing in the area. However, the decline in population started in the year 1372. This started as a result of the clash of Genoese and Venetian forces of the area.
This was the time period that starts right after the raid of Turkish forces in the region up till the present times. Under the Ottoman Empire, this area was one of the most strongly walled areas of the region. Due to this fact, this region was used by the governors and the commanders reside inside the area. The buildings in the fort were safe from outside influence for a long period of time. Due to the reasons, this area was favored as the place of exile by the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire for the political prisoners. Historically talking, this area is also the place where the famous revolutionist poet named Namik Kamal was kept captured during his lifetime.
During this period in history, Christians were not allowed to reside in the region. While the majority consisted of Greek individuals. These trends changed in the year 1964 when a number of Greek Cypriots moved to the area from the neighboring lesser protected areas to save their lives from the Turkish forces. This trend gained speed in the year 1974 when the National Guard killed all the Turkish Cypriots found outside the walls of the region.
Famagusta is a large city due to the number of visiting places and the size of the region. Hence a whole day is required to visit the location or can be visited in the form of two shorter visits to the area from the beach which is located in the northern region of the area. This city usually captures the expectations of the individuals which is usually broken due to the fact that the region has nothing but a number of walls and some older churches which are majorly destroyed due to the bombardment of the cannonballs as the result of the several wars fought here.
These city walls are also not in very good condition as they were built by the Venetians in their times. Inside the city, one can also visit the museum which is open for all the visitors throughout the year. This museum also charges the individuals small token money for the upgrading of the building. Another famous location to be visited is the Canbulat Bastion which is basically a spinning wheel studded with a number of knives in it.
Internal link: https://turkish.co.uk/famagusta-in-cyprus/
Outbound link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famagusta