February 12, 2020

Enkomi Alasia in Cyprus

Enkomi is a small village which is located near the famous city of Famagusta in Cyprus. Among the number of other cities. This is considered one of the most important cities of the Bronze Age which still exists in Northern Cyprus. This city is also being considered as the possible capital of Alasiya. Enkomi is known in Turkish by the name of Tuzla. Enkomi is also under the De facto control of northern Cyprus.

De facto:

This city is De facto under the control of northern Cyprus along with the city of Trinity. De facto refers to the facts and practices which are applicable and exist in real life. But these practices are not officially recognized by the law and government of this particular state. This practice refers to the acts which occur in real life in contrast to the acts which should be done. Under the law and constitution of the particular country and is known and de jury.

Population:

In the year 1974, the total population of the region was about 800, consisting majorly of the Greek Cypriots. These individuals, however, fled to the south of the island as the result of the invasion of Turkish forces to the area. As in the year of 2011, the population of the city has risen to about 2,645. These consisting majorly of the individuals who are settling here from the nearby areas. The individuals majorly moved from the cities of Larnaca, Adana and Trabzon province and mostly are Turkish Cypriots. However, with the passage of time, this population might have increased yet this village cannot be classified as a city due to the smaller size and area covered by this village.

History:

This village is historically important in the sense that the village has seen a number of invasions in the past. Starting from the Bronze Age when the village was one of the major places for the trading of copper with the adjacent areas. This area was attacked in four major phases and being damaged majorly. These stages also consist of a number of sub-stages which can be listed as stage I consisting of the stratum on bedrock, stage II consisting of the destruction of the fortification of the village twice by the invaders. Stage III majorly consists of the mass destruction of the village in the year 1220 and lastly, stage IV consists of the attack from the Mycenaean individuals.

This village was then inhabited by the Greeks in the thirteen century. From then the village was inhabited by these Greeks until the year 1974 when it was attacked by the Turkish forces and the Greeks were forced to move out of the region. Another major destruction of the village occurred as a result of an earthquake that occurred in the year 1050 BC.

Around Enkomi:

From the monastery it is a short drive to the village of Enkomi, moving southwards from the monastery until the t junction. From this very point taking a right, and moving to the signboard of the village of Enkomi. This is the shortest path that can be taken in order to reach the location. This site is open for all the visitors, however, a ticket is placed in order to visit the location of about 1. This is to be paid to the warden present there. This money is later used for the reconstruction of the city. History of the village can be dated back to about 2000 BC to the Bronze Age.

City of Alashya:

It is majorly known in the history books as the Egyptian city of “Alashya”. This is due to the fact that the village was famous for the exporting of copper to all the adjacent areas using its own harbor. This copper was majorly produced in the copper mines present in the city. The population of the area might have been rosed to about 15,000. But the number of earthquakes in the area as well as the major fire which broke out in Northern Cyprus took a number of lives and forced the individuals to move out of the area.

Excavations:

Excavations in the area started in the year 1896, these excavations were sponsored by the British Museum. In order to get the artifacts to be displayed in the museum of the time. This excavation revealed the building time of the village and linked it to the Bronze Age. This excavation was not stopped there but was continued at irregular intervals by the number of different nations such as the French, Swedish and the Cypriot missions. These excavation processes continued till the year 1974, after which the Turkish almost destroyed everything in the village and the village took a new start from there with the help of migrants moving in from the adjacent areas.

This village was planned in the form, having perpendicular roads which join each other at a central point. With the village containing low houses and surrounded by a wall. This wall is built in order to keep the village safe from the stray animal or the enemies attacking the village from the outside of the village. The most famous of the village is named House of Bronze, containing a number of artifacts of the Bronze Age.

Internal Link: https://turkish.co.uk/enkomi-alasia-famagusta-cyprus/

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