Bursa has been one of the largest metropolitan of Turkey. It had been the capital city of the Ottoman Empire between 1335-1363 before Istanbul. It is one of the most populous and has the most developed, trade and tourism centers of our country. Bursa is an attraction center in the Marmara Region with its historical monuments from the Ottoman period. The city became famous as Hüdavendigar (خداوندگار, “God’s gift”) during the Ottoman period. Now a days, it has earned the nickname of Yeşil Bursa (“Green Bursa”), due its numerous parks and gardens.
History of Bursa
The earliest known human settlement near Bursa’s current location was at Ilıpınar Höyüğü since 5200 BC. The ancient Greek city of Cius took its place which was granted to Prusias I, the King of Bithynia, in 202 BC.
Prusias rebuilt the city and renamed it Prusa. After 128 years of Bithynian rule, the city surrendered to the Roman Empire in 74 BC.
Bursa became the first major capital city of the early Ottoman Empire. Following its capture from the Byzantines in 1326, Ottomans turned it into the new capital city in 1363. The city retained its spiritual and commercial importance in the Ottoman Empire.
Muhammad Sultan Mirza had the city pillaged and burned. Following the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, it became one of the industrial centres of the country. About one-third of these 150,000 Bulgarian Turkish refugees eventually settled in Bursa.
Local Products and Factories
Bursa is one of the main source of most royal silk products. Aside from the local silk production, the city is the centre for the kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products. Bursa occurs as the 4th most populous city in Turkey due to its economic development.
It is also the homeland of the very famous Turkish puppet figures, Karagöz and Hacivat.
As mentioned above, Bursa lies 20 km inland from the coast of the Sea of Marmara. River Nilüfer connects the city with the sea. Due to its abundant in fertile land, local products include fruits especially peaches.
Bursa posses a special place in the Ottoman Empire since the tomb of Mehmet the Conqueror lies there.
Moreover, the city is known for being the first organized industrial zone in Turkey. The first olive oil laboratory and a textile museum were also founded here.
Historical Monuments in Bursa
Ulu Mosque is one of the many symbols of Bursa. The mosque was built during the Yıldırım Beyazıt period. This monumental structure is famous for its multi-legged mosque shape.
In the year 1421, Mehmet Celebi commissioned the Green Tomb, which is a highly acknowledged local and foreign tourist’s attraction.
Another important historical site in Bursa is the Koza Han, designed by the great architect Abdul Ula Bin Pulat Sa. Sultan Bayezid II issued this markeyplace in 1491. It is located between the sites of Grand Mosque and the Orhan Mosque. The inn is a trade center where textiles, arts, crafts and valuable goods are sold.
Winter tourism play an important role in this part of the country. Uludag Bursa is located about 30 km from the city center and has the status of National Park. It is the most famous tourism center of Bursa.
Furthermore, a recently opened Panorama 1326 museum has been an popular attraction in Bursa. This museum lies among one of largest 360-degrees panoramic museum in the world.
Moreover, historical works of architecture in Bursa are Emir Sultan Camii, Bursa Citadel, Yeşil Türbe, Yeşil Camii and the Muradiye Complex.
Cuisines and Famous Dishes
Iskender kebab is one of the most unique tastes of Bursa’s cuisine. Its fame reaches all parts of the globe. Another well-known dishes of this region is the İnegöl Köfte. This unique meatball is a staple food in the city.
Moreover, the chestnut candy is acknowledge as a local product here. These chestnut candy are made from chestnuts grown in Uludağ.
Other famous delicacies throughout this region include;
Kemalpaşa dessert, milk halva, Bursa sterile, liver kebab, pideli kebab, pazılı tirilye kebab, gummy kebab, kebete, Muradiye soup, chestnut cabbage wrap, fig stuffing etc.