Burdur is a small province in the hinterland of Anatolia known as “lakes region”. Although it lacks the turquoise coast, it is of interest with its natural beauties and historical remains dating as far as 6000 BC. The thermal resorts are also attractive for those who like spas.
The history of the urban development of Burdur is generally held to begin with the Turkish settlement after the Seljuq victory at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. In the late 11th century, the Kınalı tribe of the Oghuz Turks captured the Burdur area and settled there. Turks became the majority of the population of the area after 1211, establishing a number of villages in addition to expanding the town.
Burdur was captured by the Ottoman Empire in 1391, when Bayezid I conquered the Hamidids. It was initially a district centre and a small town under the Sanjak of Hamid . As of 1478, Burdur had four quarters, three being Muslim and one being Christian. The largest of these was the Cami (“Mosque”) quarter of the Muslims.
Sagalassos at Aglasun town, 37 kilometers to Burdur, was the capital of Psydia and has many historical remains like a Roman theatre of 9,000 seat capacity, the tombs and the citadel from medieval ages. The Hacilar district is another remarkable site for historical remains with statues dating back to Neolithic Age. Cybira at Golhisar, Cremna at Camlik Bucak, Kumcay and Incirhan are other historical sites within the province. Picnicking, camping, hunting, and fishing are other attractions.
The most appealing feature of Burdur is Insuyu cave, the second largest cave of the world. It is 12 kilometers from Burdur. There are millions of stalactites and stalagmites as well as nine pools in the cave which is 2.150 meters long (but only 597 meters are open to visitors today) and it is good for wandering in little boats. Since the water in the cave cures diabetes, many diabetic patients visit this place often.
Beaches in Burdur
For nature lovers and worshipers of swimming and beaches there are plenty of opportunities. Firstly, The Centik beach is on the side of Lake Burdur, 8 kilometers from the city. Secondly, Salda Lake counts as a rarely visited camping area with forested surrounding and a delightful beach. For fishing, Golhisar Lake is excellent. All of these lakes provide a rare beauty of nature and fauna around them.
Agriculture remains the biggest livelihood of the city followed by livestock and fishing. The sugar factory in the city facilitates agricultural operations and contributes to the production with lower costs. Chrome and lignite deposits are available within the city limits.
Furthermore, Anise, Corn, Barley, Wheat, Grape, Poppy, Chickpea, Rye, Potato, Onion, Sugar Beet, Bostan are the common agricultural activities of the region.
Famous things in Burdur
Hand-woven carpets are common in rugs and similar works. Moreover table cloth, Torba, Heybe and shepherds used to salt newborn sheep goats in the bags used in Burdur.
Burdur’s Famous Cuisine
Famous dishes includes Moussaka, Kabune Rice, Kömbe, Pumpkin Halva, Semolina Halva, Cheese Pide , Peanut Butter, Burdur shish meatballs, spinach Borani, Dirmil Kebab, Fennel tea, Borana, Ghazals Sum, Poppy Winding vaccine Soup, Pull, Testi Kebab, Bread Slice, Keskek, pancakes and eggplant jam.
Its famous sights includes: Kodrula, Hadriani, Olbasa, Sia (Taştandam), Malgasa, Other (Tymbrianassust), Keraitae, Kormasa, Necropolis, Tumulus, Rock Relief, Kibyra, Kremna, Sagalassos, Bubon, Moatra, Mallos, Malyastara, Panemöteikhasp, Sysa, Macau , Komama, Polyetta, Hocabali Bath, Eskiyen Bath, Yenice Bath, Baltaoğlu Bath, Tabak Bath, Temple Remains and Üçtepeler Tumulus.