Alevi is the term utilized for countless heterodox Muslim Shi’a people group with various qualities. In this manner, Alevis establish the biggest religious minority in Turkey. In fact, they fall under the Shi’a group of Islam. Yet they pursue an in a general sense unexpected elucidation in comparison to the Shi’a people group in different nations. They likewise vary extensively from the Sunni Muslim lion’s share in their training and elucidation of Islam. The quantity of Alevis involves dispute. Appraisals from various sources go extensively – from around 10 percent to as much as 40 percent of the absolute populace. However late figures recommend Alevis number in the locale of 20 to 25 million.
Origin of Alevis:
By far most of Alevis are presumably of Kizilbash or Bektashi root, two gatherings buying in to for all intents. And purposes a similar arrangement of convictions however independently composed. The Kizilbash is customarily overwhelmingly rustic and gets character by parentage. Bektashis, in any case, are overwhelmingly urban, and officially guarantee that enrollment is available to any Muslim.
Semantically, they comprise of four gatherings: Azerbaijani Turkish, Arabic, Turkish and Kurdish (both Kormanje and Zaza). The last two classifications comprise the biggest Alevi gatherings. Be that as it may, politically, Kurdish Alevis have confronted the situation of whether their essential devotion ought to be to their ethnic or religious network.
As per researcher Soner Cagaptay, Alevism is a “moderately unstructured translation of Islam”. Columnist Patrick Kingsley states that for some self-depicted Alevi, their religion is “basically a social character, instead of a type of love”.
Alevis respect Mohammed, the Prophet of Islam, as a holy person, and have considerably more noteworthy adoration for Ali. The cousin, and child in-law of Mohammed who turned into the fourth caliph of the Muslim world. And remains the essential figure in Shia Islam. Besides, Alevis recollect the killing of Ali’s child, Husayn, at Karbala, as a calamity. As all Shia and numerous Sunni Muslim people group do. And various components of Islamic legend, image, and history are indistinguishably interwoven with Alevi convictions and practices.
Differences from Mainstream Muslims:
A portion of the distinctions that imprint Alevis from standard Muslims are the utilization of cemevi corridors as opposed to mosques; revere services that element music and moving, and where the two ladies and men take part; non-recognition of the five every day salah supplications and surrenders (they just bow twice within the sight of their otherworldly pioneer), Ramadan, and the Hajj (believing genuine journey to be an inner one). They have a few connections with Twelver Shia Islam, (for example, the significance of the Ahl al-Bayt, the day of Ashura, the Mourning of Muharram, honoring Karbala), however,don’t pursue taqlid towards a Marja’ “wellspring of imitating”. A few practices of the Alevis depend on Sufi components of the Bektashi tariqa.
The Alevi otherworldly way (yol) is normally comprehended to happen through four noteworthy life-stages, or “doors”. These might be additionally subdivided into “four entryways, forty levels” (Dört Kapı Kırk Makam). The main entryway (religious law) is viewed as basic (and this might be seen as an unpretentious analysis of other Muslim conventions). Most Alevi movement happens with regards to the subsequent entryway (profound fraternity), during which one submits to a living otherworldly guide (dede, pir, mürşid). The presence of the third and fourth doors is generally hypothetical, however,some more established Alevis have evidently gotten inception into the third.
The following are major crimes that cause an Alevi to be declared düşkün (shunned):
- killing a person
- committing adultery
- divorcing one’s wife
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